Friday, August 31, 2012

Ministry said has smuggled poultry breeds, Hanoi said no

Ministry said has smuggled poultry breeds, Hanoi said no

TP - Recently 3-4 cars a week (more than 100 thousand children, chicken Grower) chickens smuggled from China to Hanoi, turbulent market chickens, disturbing outbreak and spread of infectious diseases .

Ảnh minh họa

30-8, as observed by Pioneer reporter in poultry markets Dai Xuyen, Phu Xuyen - Ha Noi - the largest seed market in Hanoi, many households sell 10-15 day-old chicken, wear marks "chicken" and selling 13-16 thousand VND / child.
"The incubator in Dai Xuyen hamlet not sell chicken Grower, only sells day-old chickens, usually reserved for the oven. Grower that many households sell chicken is chicken smuggled from China, "she United, an incubator disclose.
Mr. K., the famous incubator in Phu Xuyen, said in the Great Trans often 3-4 first recruiter specializing run of the chickens, ducks Grower, through Lang Son, Mong Cai.
According to K., in China, they hamlet breeding herd, then they pick up the drums (left in above about 90% of the roof), move to Vietnam, so the price is very cheap. Hen, they are kept for egg production. Because of big interest dozen trips, arrested several trips still have money in their pockets.
"With Grower chicken, only sold 13 -14 thousand VND / child, high 16-17 thousand / children. Vietnamese chicken also, if fed by size, to sell 17-20 thousand VND / child, even more. Because cheaper than 3-4 thousand VND / child, and people still buy more, longer than about quality, not packaging our breeding centers. Another form, as they enter the Chinese egg hatching, however, due to various risks, so few people do, "said K. said.
Many traders like chicken said China policy support, if exports to lower costs, will be subsidized.
According to the understanding of reporters, every week there are about 3-4 cars chickens smuggled from China, often carrying Phu Xuyen on 3rd and 6 weekly.
Each car is about 20-30 thousand, which accounted for 90% chicken. The car always has 3-4 plates, at 17 (Pacific), at 99 (Bac Ninh), at sea 30 (Hanoi), vehicles without number plates.
Recently, the inter-agency rigorous inspection, smuggling objects do not use the truck to haul chickens, which used nine passenger car, remove the seats for the transport, in order to avoid inter-agency.
Fear of uncontrolled disease
Still smuggled poultry breeds in Hanoi, but in exchange for money, he needed Xuan Binh, Director of Animal Health Rights Hanoi said: "There is almost no poultry, including smuggled poultry breeds for domestic price is too low, livestock losses. "
According to Binh, the same bird before pirated from 10 to 15 days of age is essential. Recently, limit the trade in smuggled poultry transport, of unknown origin.
Meanwhile, Nguyen Duc Trong, Deputy Director of Animal Husbandry (MARD) said poultry breeds, including culling chickens smuggled from China still to Hanoi.
Mr Trong said, when smuggled to Vietnam, Chicken Grower legitimized veterinary papers, it can be transported around the country.
The most dangerous disease is not controlled, the risk of spread is large.
"The type avian influenza virus emerging in the country, originating from China, in the absence of effective vaccines. On the other hand, is highly dependent on the source of vaccine produced by China.
Therefore, this is a very complex and dangerous, "he worried weight.
Mr Trong said, Phu Xuyen area where the biological safety in the North today, not what the Ha Vy poultry market (Thuong Tin).
Want to handle, veterinary districts, combined with the government, the police in Phu Xuyen found the recruiter collectors to thoroughly treated.
His weight warned: "The provinces, especially Hanoi makes drastic, the border will be less immediately, because chickens smuggled want to not know to whom, what input do. Otherwise, the risk of disease spread is huge. "

Blue ear disease continues to spread in Bac Kan

Last updated at 16:41, Friday, 31/08/2012 (GMT 7)

Nhan Dan Online-The last day in Na Oh, Duong Quang, Bac Kan (Bac) some sick pigs died, authorities take samples for testing and determining the blue ear disease .

Soon after the local authorities have destroyed 70 infected pigs, and localized outbreaks, conduct chemical spray disinfection cages once a day in the outbreak and the surrounding areas.

Earlier, the blue ear disease occurs in two, and then spread to the four communes and far spread Cho Moi District in Bac Can province also killed and destroyed nearly 200 pigs. Provincial Department of Animal Health said: Currently the pigs in the bordering area of the Cho Don district, Na Ri is the risk of spread.

Although the province has set up checkpoints on Highway 3 in Yen Dinh commune, Cho Moi district to prevent the transportation of pigs through the service, but in recent days some cars still secretly carrying pigs to town to spread disease.

Current H5N1 avian influenza are very complex evolution in Cho Don district, have tended to spread.

Deadliest prey in the jungle: viruses



swine flu lib
In this 2009 file photo, Hong Kong police officers guard a hotel which was sealed off after the first swine flu victim in the city was confirmed to have stayed there.

London - For many, the dimly remembered panics over the bird-flu, swine-flu and Sars pandemics may now seem like a case of the authorities crying wolf, or even a conspiracy to boost the profits of Big Pharma. But to “virus hunter” Professor Nathan Wolfe, these viruses, which had all crossed over from wild animals, were merely the first gusts of a viral storm blowing out of the jungle and heading straight towards us.
Last year, Professor Wolfe's work led to the creation of an embryonic early-warning network of “viral listening posts” across Africa and Asia. The network earned his not-for-profit Global Viral Forecasting Initiative (now renamed Global Viral) the label of the “CIA of the viral world” and its founder a place in Time magazine's top 100 most influential people of 2011.
After all, despite all the efforts of the public health authorities, swine flu still infected 10 per cent of the world's population, and if it had been a little more deadly it could have easily killed millions.”
However, for Professor Wolfe there is also hope as, along with “the wonderful precedent of earlier efforts of the campaign to eliminate smallpox”, we now have “a whole load of tools that mean for the first time we can do something to prevent one of these hugely costly pandemics”.
Ultimately, he can imagine the possibility of a single global viral control room. Imagine Dr Strangelove's war room, but with the enemy being swarming viruses. Professor Wolfe was first made aware of the danger posed by the viral reservoirs carried around by wild animals - particularly in the jungle hotspots of Africa and Asia - as a field researcher in Cameroon and Uganda, where he witnessed the devastation wrought by Aids.
His own research on the many variations of the HIV virus in the villages he was monitoring showed just how big the viral reservoir was.
He believes that, while humans and this viral reservoir have always been connected “through the catching and butchering of wild game”, the further we have moved away from our origins as hunter-gatherers the more vulnerable we have become to viruses that we would once as a species have had immunity to.
So the “accelerating interconnectivity of the modern world” has helped to create the potential for a viral storm because any virus that crosses over and which would have burnt out in a small population (victims either dying or developing immunity) “now has, in a world of six billion people, the potential to spread and spread, as people are the fuel of viruses”.
It occurred to Professor Wolfe (and to others such as Dr Larry Brilliant, the president of the Skoll Global Threats Fund, as well) that improving scientific knowledge plus technological advances meant that for the first time humanity could start “imaging a kind of global immune system” that would be able to predict and then prevent viral outbreaks by “harnessing the power of data”.
By aggregating together information gathered from jungle hunters reporting strange deaths of wild animals that might warn of a new dangerous viral mutation, with data from “global organisations whose sickness records of their global workforce could pick up the first signs of a spreading virus”, and even by “looking at what people are posting via their smartphones,” it should be possible to predict an outbreak and then monitor how fast it is spreading.
Professor Wolfe, though, is concerned that “understandable fears over privacy” will hinder the “good use” of .....With bird flu on a new killing spree in Indonesia, we have to hope he is right

Schools re-open after Ebola attack

Pupils of Kakindo Primary School in Kibaale District attend a lesson yesterday. Schools have re-opened after authorities did not register any new cases of Ebola.
Pupils of Kakindo Primary School in Kibaale District attend a lesson yesterday. Schools have re-opened after authorities did not register any new cases of Ebola
Posted Friday, August 31 2012 at 01:00
In Summary
Back to business. Schools and markets in Kibaale District have re-opened after authorities confirmed no more cases of the haemorrhagic fever.
More than 200 schools that were indefinitely closed in Kibaale District following the outbreak of Ebola, have been allowed to re-open for the third term after all cases of the disease were discharged from Kagadi Hospital.

After consultation with World Health Organisation, the ministries of Health and Education, the district has cleared markets and schools to resume normal operations,” Mr Stephen Mfashingabo, the vice chairperson of the district Ebola task force, said on Wednesday.

Mr Mfashingabo, who is also the district vice chairperson, said medical officials will continue to closely monitor activities in schools and markets to ensure they do not become centres of infection.

Schools and markets were closed after medical officials registered back to back cases of people infected with the highly contagious disease. The district education officer, Mr John Kyaboona had, last month, announced the closure of over 220 private and government-aided primary and secondary schools in the counties of Buyaga East, Buyaga west and Buyanja.

He said the closure was a precautionary measure to prevent a possibility of massive infections given the fact that Ebola is highly infectious. The District health officer, Dr Dan Kyamanywa, said surveillance teams have not detected any new cases in the district since the last patient was discharged last week.

Mr Kyamanywa said if no new confirmed Ebola cases are registered, the district will be declared Ebola-free after the completion of 21 days when the last case was discharged from hospital.

Markets re-opened on Monday although Muhorro, Kagadi, Karuguuza and Mabaale, which were popular, have registered low turn ups.

DRC Govt Confronts Ebola as New Cases Test Positive at Entebbe's UVRI

2012-08-30 21:43:33
Cases of Ebola continue to rise in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) as government continues to find ways to control the outbreak of the haemorrhagic fever, the World Health Organization (WHO) has said.

Read more:

Thursday, August 30, 2012

Viral outbreak grips Panchthar‚ 50 cases reported

Over 50 cases of fever have been reported so far in the District Hospital, Panchthar. A viral fever outbreak has hit hard Prangbung, Lungrupa, Memeng, Angsarang VDCs [Village Development Committees] and their headquarters, Phidim. In fact, Angsarang has been the most affected VDC. The number of students attending schools has dropped in the Angsarang-based Jyoti Secondary School after children suffered from the disease.

In the same way, Prangbung-based Kalika Secondary School also faced similar problems after a number of students fell sick.

According to the Principal Lungrungpa Parbat Lal Dangal of the Siddheshwori Secondary School, more than 60 students have remained absent in their terminal examinations.

Health workers said when the symptoms of viral fever are found, then the disease will affect the patient for a week. However, since it is transmissible, most of the people in the village have taken ill.

The number of viral fever patients has increased in the District Hospital. Over 50 cases of fever are reported so far. The viral outbreak which spread in Parbat's southern Barrachaur and Ranipani VDCs has not been controlled.

With the spread of viral fever and typhoid since a week, hundreds of people are being affected daily. A team of health workers along with the medicine has been sent to the affected areas.
Barrachar-based Jana Sewa Secondary School has been closed after the outbreak, while the numbers of students in the Ambari Secondary School and surrounding schools have decreased by 50 per cent. Ambari School's Principal, Ganesh Poudel, said that schools could not be conducted for the whole day as there are very few students, and most of them have been ill. More than 100 patients are reported in local clinics. Health worker Surya Bahadur Karki reported that among them, 80 per cent are fever patients and 20 per cent typhoid.

Similarly, maternal health worker Kopila Sharma said that over 80 cases of fever are reported in the Barrachaur Health Post. Dr Sagar Rajbhandari of the District Hospital, Parbat said viral fever has spread due to climate change and unclean drinking water consumption.

Likewise, Lamjung's Duipiple-ba-sed Bhairavkali Higher Secondary School has been shut after most students were affected by viral fever. The number of students going to school has dropped since a week, so the school has been closed after an emergency meeting of the School Management Committee held today [29 Aug 2012], reported committee chairperson Nirmal Gautam. He said that after the suggestions of doctors and health workers of the nearby health posts, they have decided to shut the school.

Viral fever has spread in Gorkha's Gumda 6, 7, 8 and 9 since Sunday [26 Aug 2012]. With its spread, the local Suryodaya Secondary School was shut for 3 days as the teachers and students have taken ill, reported the school's management committee chairperson Bhim Prasad Gurung. According to him, over 250 households have been affected with at least one member in each family taken ill. Patients have the symptoms of runny nose, headache and fever, reported Gurung. Local health centres have started to face the shortage of medicine after fever spread in their areas.

WHO-DR Congo: Ebola (Situation as of 28 August 2012)

should say 12 deaths
A total of 24 cases and 11 deaths were reported from Isiro, Viadana and Dungu districts of Orientale Province
Event description
As of 28 August 2012, a total of 24 (12 suspected, 6 probable and 6 confirmed) cases and 11 deaths had been reported in Province Orientale.
The reported cases and deaths (suspected, probable and confirmed) have occurred in 3 health zones as follows: 17 cases and 9 deaths in Isiro, including three (3) health care workers who have died; 6 cases and 2 deaths in Viadana; and 1 fatal case in Dungu. One alert was received from Gombari health zone, yet to be verified.



Surveillance and Response Programme Area, Disease Prevention and Control Cluster, Regional Office for Africa


As of 28 August 2012, a total of 24 (12 suspected, 6 probable and 6 confirmed) cases and 11 deaths had been reported in Province Orientale.

The reported cases and deaths (suspected, probable and confirmed) have occurred in 3 health zones as follows: 17 cases and 9 deaths in Isiro, including three (3) health care workers who have died; 6 cases and 2 deaths in Viadana; and 1 fatal case in Dungu. One alert was received from Gombari health zone, yet to be verified.

There were 7 cases admitted in the isolation ward.

CDC has established a field laboratory in Isiro. Fourteen samples were tested in the la-boratory including 8 samples from contacts of probable/confirmed cases for retrospective investigation.

A total of 6 patients have been confirmed positive for Ebola. All positive cases are from Isiro; none of the suspected cases from Dungu and Pawa tested positive for Ebola.

To date 68 contacts have been identified and are being followed up;

Event description

Geographic distribution of Ebola in DR Congo

WHO is supporting the Ministry of Health in the areas of coordination, surveillance, field epidemiology, laboratory, case management, outbreak logistics, public information and social mobilization.

Twenty- two (22) health workers were trained on Ebola case management including infec-tion prevention and control; Discharge kits were prepared for the discharged patients; A daily situation report and the first epidemiological bulletin were produced on 28 August 2012. CDC laboratory team started conducting Ebola tests in the field laboratory in Isiro. MSF Suisse is actively involved in case management. A second WHO logistician arrived in Isiro to continue to support outbreak response. A teleconference was held on 28 August 2012 between AFRO and HQ; Deployment of anthropologist and additional epidemiologist in being finalized in collaboration with GOARN.   DR Congo: Ebola (Situation as of 28 August 2012) (411.19 kB)

Searching for Animal Disease Transmission

Joe DeCapua
Researchers are not waiting for the next new disease to emerge. They’re studying our near and distant primate relatives to try to prevent future epidemics.
HIV/AIDS is a well-known zoonotic disease, an illness transmitted from animals to humans. The disease – linked to African primates - has killed tens of millions and more than 30 million people are now living with the disease.
Dr. Natalie Cooper said there may be many more diseases ready to jump from animals to humans. The Trinity College Dublin assistant professor and her colleagues are focusing their research on primates.

“Investigating diseases in primates gives us a really good model of the kinds of diseases which we might expect to see in humans. Because things which are common in these primate populations are also the kind of things which end up getting passed into human populations eventually, or they’re the kind of things that we already share with primates,” she said.

There are a number of things that need to happen before an animal disease spreads among humans.

“First of all you have to contact that disease somehow. So maybe you bump into an animal that sneezes on you for example. And that’s got to happen first. But then there’s a lot of stuff that happens within the human body. So that disease then has to get through your immune system. It has to get into your cells and actually start causing some disease symptoms. And so it’s much easier for these diseases, if they’re kind of adapted to this primate model system, to come into another primate, a human,” she said.

Researchers expected to find that humans would share diseases with primates with whom they’re mostly closely related. Cooper says immune systems are likely to be similar in primates that share a common ancestor.

“It wasn’t that long ago that humans and chimpanzees had this common ancestor. So we expect that we have these similar traits in our biology, which might make it easy for us to catch the same kinds of diseases. So we were expecting – and all the previous research has suggested – that we’d share more with our very close relatives, the great apes. So this would be gorillas, chimpanzees and orangutans than we would with other species of primates,” she said.

Researchers did in fact confirm that we do share many diseases with the great apes. But Cooper said they they also found something unexpected.

“What’s more surprising is that things like old world monkeys and lemurs even – so lemurs are the very primitive kinds of monkeys that you find on Madagascar – we share an ancestor with them something like a hundred million years ago, [a]really, really long time ago. So we really weren’t expecting to see that much sharing there,” she said.

So the span of a hundred million years since we had a common ancestor does not necessarily protect us from catching a virus from a lemur. By the way, we also share diseases with macaques and baboons.

Cooper said there are massive gaps in knowledge about various species of monkey. She said once those gaps are filled, scientists can determine how much of a risk monkey diseases pose to humans. That could lead to vaccines to prevent outbreaks and epidemics.

It’s a hugely daunting task, and obviously primates are only just the first step here. So there are other kinds of animals, which we actually end up having a lot more contact with. So domesticated animals, cats and dogs in particular - and then things like rats and mice, which we have a lot of contact with in domestic situations. And we think that these species are very, very likely to transfer diseases across to us,” she said.

As the global population grows, people are spreading into new areas. As they do, Cooper said, they’re encountering new species of animals and possibly new diseases as well.

Creation of a committee to fight against the epidemic of haemorrhagic fever Ebola in DRC

Creation of a committee to fight against the epidemic of haemorrhagic fever Ebola in DRCKinshasa, 29/08 (ACP)
. - A coordination committee of the fight against the epidemic of Ebola haemorrhagic fever officially declared in the DRC since August 17 is created under a decree of the Minister of Public Health 23 August 2012.
The committee, according to a decree issued policy guidelines and administrative and ensure social mobilization and resource information to the population, especially those affected by the epidemic, the evolution of the latter as well as stock control companies.

 The coordination committee, chaired by the Minister of Public Health, is composed of six commissions, namely commissions support cases, epidemiological surveillance, education, health and sanitation, making psychosocial care as well as research and laboratory. Regarding these commissions, that care cases is responsible for reducing the risk of contamination of the community, caregivers isolating the sick and the proper use of protective equipment and the implementation of measures universal protection, while ensuring the monitoring of patients.

The epidemiological surveillance is responsible for identifying cases at home and its surroundings in order to transfer to the medical center, inform and raise awareness about the disease and its prevention, by training health personnel epidemiological surveillance, coordinating monitoring in the area of ​​health and maintain a register of rumors and its verification.
The Committee has the obligation of awareness training sensitizers, identify channels of awareness, information on the measures to prevent, prepare the population to accept the control measures recommended by the International Committee of fight against the epidemic .

 The hygiene and sanitation as filler to improve working conditions for health workers and the public (waste disposal, decontamination and disinfection of premises), to limit or reduce the risk of contamination of the population by handling of sick or excreta of patients, develop the isolation wards, to ensure disinfection of places, and objects contaminated protective clothing as well as the collection and burial of corpses.
 As for the commission of psychosocial care, its tasks are to identify the affected families, families of victims and secure their neighbors disinfection of inhabitants, to supply food to affected families, to facilitate their reintegration and make support socio-orphan school. ACP/FNG/Kayu/Kul

Monitoring anti Ebola strengthened border Uganda-Congo

Monitoring anti Ebola strengthened border Uganda-Congo

Tuesday, August 28, 2012 4:45 p.m.
The government is working to limit the spread of the Ebola virus. The Minister of Public Health, Felix Kabange is flying a delicate operation to eradicate Ebola hemorrhagic fever raging in Eastern Province, specifically in the area of ​​Dungu and in the town of Isiro.
With the help of partners from WHO, UNICEF, MSF and CIBSI to give the state and the health situation prevailing in the Eastern Province specifically in the town of Dungu and Isiro. Immediately warned the Minister of Health has sent a small team of experts in the field to examine patients and confirm the reappearance of this virus in Congo. After the samples taken from patients, six of them were examined and two are being analyzed, both found in Dungu were negative. The provisional toll reported some deaths. A Isiro, eight cases were identified, including three deaths and forty-four cases are about to be examined, Viadana where there were three deaths and 32 cases of targeted contacts...

South Kivu: an unknown disease decimated 100 pigs a week in Sange

August 30, 2012
An unknown disease decimated the pig in the city of Sange, over 100 km south of Bukavu. . Local farmers who announced the new claim that this is the last week that the animals die from the disease.
 A pig infected with this disease is high fever. . His spleen swells, according to farmers.
  The charge of agriculture and livestock Sange confirmed this disease swine, announcing the imminent arrival of specialists to collect samples for examination in the laboratory.
   This situation leads to a decrease in the consumption of pork, in spite of the fuck its price on the local market, said a butcher.
  Due to lack of vaccines, pigs are often victims of diseases unknown in this city.

Democratic Republic of Congo: Ebola outbreak - DREF Operation No. (MDRCD011)

Democratic Republic of Congo: Ebola outbreak - DREF Operation No. (MDRCD011)
—29 Aug 2012
CHF 262,914 has been allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the National Society in delivering immediate assistance to some 830,000 beneficiaries. Unearmarked funds to repay DREF are encouraged.
Summary: An Ebola hemorrhagic fever epidemic is currently ravaging the Haut-Uele District in Oriental Province situated along the Uganda border. Isiro, capital of the district and Dungu, one of the towns in the district are the most affected localities.
As of August 22, 2012, a total of 16 cases including 10 deaths and 97 contact persons who are under surveillance were recorded in these two health districts (Source: interagency meeting from 22 August 2012 to the Ministry of health in Kinshasa). The near inaccessible nature of the area, coupled with the insecurity that is currently prevailing there, the scarcity of internal flights, and especially the dilapidated nature of existing health infrastructure are all factors that can lead to a worsening of the current situation.
The DRC Red Cross has supported the government of DRC in response to earlier hemorrhagic fever epidemics and has deployed volunteers in the affected areas. The DRC Red Cross now needs to scale up their activities in order to minimize the spread and impact or the epidemic. The current planned operation includes sensitization campaigns in affected districts, psycho-social support to affected and exposed persons and support to the government safe transport of patients, safe disposal of dead bodies and disinfection of suspected infected houses and items.
An Ebola epidemic was recently reported in Uganda, but tests have confirmed that this outbreak is of a different strain, and therefore this outbreak is not related to cross-border migration.
This operation is expected to be implemented over 3 months, and will therefore be completed by November 2012; a Final Report will be made available three months after the end of the operation (by February 2013).

Alarming levels of drug-resistant TB found worldwide


- Kate Kelland

  Thursday, August 30, 2012 17:0 hrs IST 
Scientists have found an alarming number of cases of the lung disease tuberculosis in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America that are resistant to up to four powerful antibiotic drugs.
In a large international study published in the Lancet medical journal on Thursday, researchers found rates of both multi drug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) were higher than previously thought and were threatening global efforts to curb the spread of the disease.

"Most international recommendations for TB control have been developed for MDR-TB prevalence of up to around 5 percent. Yet now we face prevalence up to 10 times higher in some places, where almost half of the patients ... are transmitting MDR strains," Sven Hoffner of the Swedish Institute for Communicable Disease Control, said in a commentary on the study.

TB is already a worldwide pandemic that infected 8.8 million people and killed 1.4 million in 2010.

Drug-resistant TB is more difficult and costly than normal TB to treat, and is more often fatal.

MDR-TB is resistant to at least two first-line drugs - isoniazid and rifampicin - while XDR-TB...

Ebola: Kibaale public gatherings ban lifted

Publish Date: Aug 30, 2012
The national Ebola task force has lifted a ban that had been slapped on all public gatherings in Kibaale district.

“We have deemed it necessary to allow public gatherings (in places) such as markets, schools and any other social gatherings to open up because the Ebola epidemic is now contained,” Dr. Jackson Amony, the national coordinator of the Ebola task force said.

All public gatherings had been banned following the outbreak of the Ebola epidemic that was declared on July 28.

Amony said that the epidemic is now in the low risk period and the public can now go on with their normal business but with caution...

[link to]

Wednesday, August 29, 2012

Pig fever sweeps across Russia


Deadly virus may be poised to spread to neighbouring states.

The outbreak of Ebola haemorrhagic fever in the Haut-Uele surrounded

 Isiro, 28/08 (ACP). - Work on site qu'abattent stakeholders in the fight against the epidemic of Ebola haemorrhagic fever raging in Orientale Province, specifically in the district of Haut-Uele helped identify quickly the epidemic, according to the Minister of Public Health, Felix Kabange Numbi. The latter, while staying in Isiro, chief town of the district, for the supervision of activities related to the fight, congratulated the players. Kabange Minister, accompanied by a team of health experts, said the efforts of the central government is rolling out to partners to curb the epidemic in this district. The epidemic officially declared on August 17, was until the beginning of last weekend killed 11 people in Haut-Uele, where we also recorded 20 suspected cases, particularly in the areas of health Isiro of Wamba, Viadana, of Pawa and Dungu.

The Ebola outbreak in DR Congo stabilized

Haemorrhagic fever Ebola, which is officially declared on August 17 Isiro in Orientale Province, in the northeast of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is a stabilization phase, said Tuesday medical inspector of the Eastern Province, Jean-Marc Madindi.  Of 15 reported cases, the epidemic has killed 10 people, he said, adding that the medical team on the ground has the support of WHO, UNICEF and Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) .

  The Minister of Health, Kabange Numbi stays Isiro, along with a team of health experts in the context of strengthening the fight against Ebola epidemic in this part of the DRC.

Woman Steals Baby from Mulago ,Hides it in Ebola Unit

  August 29, 2012By Ahura Mujuni Mark
There was drama and agony in Mulago referal hospital on Monday when a woman stole a newly born baby from an ailing mother and hid with it in an Ebola isolation facility.
Ms Safina Birabwa lost her baby shortly after delivering .The suspect who hails from Kasubi, Rubaga Division in Kampala reportedly came near her bed and carried her baby ,she then sneaked out of the room leaving her small bag which acted as her scapegoat with Birabwa.
After realizing that the suspect was missing with her child ,Birabwa called her husband that her child had been stolen .She later fainted and police began the search for the suspect .fainted
Assistant Inspector of Mulago Police Station, Mr Richard Okello, said he received information and dispatched policemen to major entrances of the hospital to check all women leaving the hospital with babies and whether they had discharge forms or not.
“The suspect was found hiding at the Ebola Isolation Unit with the baby.” He said
Police also found her with a delivery from Itojo hospital and it confirmed that she was in labour on August 24.This forced police to subject the two women to DNA test.It was later confirmed that Birabwa was the mother of the Baby.

Tuesday, August 28, 2012

Ebola: Prisons to Lift Ban on Visits

Uganda Prisons authorities will this week assess whether to allow public visits to selected prison facilities following a month-long ban over Ebola outbreak.

Read more:

Medical workers start count to declare Kibaale Ebola-free

A health officer from World Health Organisation ready to spray the premises at Kagadi Hospital recently.
A health officer from World Health Organisation ready to spray the premises at Kagadi Hospital recently. More than 60 patients with Ebola-like symptoms have sought medical attention at the hospital. PHOTO by RONALD TUMUSIIME

The last confirmed cases were discharged on Friday while a man who reportedly entered into an isolation ward at Kagadi Hospital and stole a phone from an Ebola patient was also discharged.
Medical officials in Kibaale at the weekend began counting 21 days within which the district will be declared Ebola-free if they do not register any new cases.
The district health officer, Dr Dan Kyamanywa, said the counting started after all suspected and confirmed Ebola patients were discharged from Kagadi Hospital.
Also discharged was a 40-year-old resident of Kyakabugahya Village in Kagadi Town Council who reportedly stealthily entered into an isolation ward at Kagadi hospital and stole a phone from one of the Ebola patients who succumbed to the disease.
He developed Ebola-like symptoms after he started using the phone which an Ebola patient had used.
“He tested negative, received medication and has been discharged,” Dr Kyamanywa said. He may have survived the highly contagious disease but he is not yet off the criminal hook.
The district police commander, Mr John Ojokuna Elatu, said detectives are following him up over theft charges. “The file was opened at Kagadi Police and it is active,” Mr Ojokuna said.
This newspaper had by press time confirmed that the suspect had not been arrested by police.
The district health officer said medical officials are conducting surveillance in villages to detect any new cases.
The tension that had gripped the district following the confirmation of Ebola outbreak has subsided.
The disease is a haemorrhagic fever and its incubation period is 21 days. Some of the signs and symptoms of the disease include fever, vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, headache,measles-like rash, red eyes and bleeding from body openings.

4 districts in Quang Ngai bird flu outbreak 50,000 dead birds

Veterinary Authority 4 (Da Nang) has announced the results of the sample household poultry White Tan Son Tinh district Sanh positive for influenza A/H5N1 virus. This is the fourth district in Quang Ngai bird flu occurred.

In the past two weeks, avian influenza occurred in 17 villages, 16 villages in four districts: the self-righteous, Nghia Hanh Son and Son Tinh left nearly 50,000 dead birds and destruction.

Nguyen Van Thuan, Deputy Animal Health Quang Ngai said: "From day 13/8 far, the Department has sent a total of 75 samples of poultry to regional veterinary Agency 4 tests. Results for all were positive for influenza A/H5N1 virus. avian flu is spreading rapidly, there is no sign to stop. "

A/H5N1 flu spreads fast in Quang Ngai


A/H5N1 avian flu has spread to at least four districts in central Quang Ngai Province over the past two weeks, with nearly 43,000 affected ducks having died or been culled, prompting authorities to vaccinate all flocks of poultry in the province.

Yesterday, deputy head of the provincial Veterinary Sub-department Nguyen Van Thuan said the latest outbreak of the disease was recorded in Tinh Ha Commune, Son Tinh District, with ducks dying en masse.

Besides Son Tinh, three other districts Nghia Hanh, Tu Nghia and Binh Son, have also suffered from the avian flu with 22 areas affected, authorities reported.

The agency has sent 75 samples of the dead poultry to Da Nang for testing since August 13, and results have shown that all the samples were infected with the deadly A/H5N1 virus, Thuan said.

“The avian flu is spreading rapidly and no signs show it can be halted,” he said.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has granted 1 million doses of vaccines against A/H5N1 virus to Quang Ngai to vaccinate every flock of poultry in Quang Ngai city and six districts of the province.
A veterinary officer in Quang Ngai sprays antisetic at a duck farm to prevent the spread of the A/H5N1 virus (Photo: VnExpress)
Provincial veterinary officers are coordinating with authorities to tighten control over poultry slaughtering, transportation and trade to detect affected animals.

They also sprayed antiseptics in affected areas and those vulnerable to the disease to constrain the spread of the epidemic.

For fear that the disease could spread to Quang Ngai’s neighboring localities, the Quang Nam veterinary sub-department has set up a hot line at mobile phone number 0903548515 to receive information about the epidemic’s development.

Monday, August 27, 2012

DRC: back to school maintained in the areas affected by Ebola Orientale Province

| Last update August 27, 2012 at 12:50 
The government has announced the continuation of the school year to 3 September in areas affected by Ebola haemorrhagic fever in the Eastern Province. According to the Minister of Health, on a working visit to Isiro, scientists ensure that the epidemic is in its downward and there have been no new cases since four days. Felix Kabange Numbi wants to reassure worried parents who do not send their children to school.

"First, the WHO has never prohibited the movement of people and goods in areas Ebola epidemic. Second, since the beginning of the epidemic, no action has been taken to confine children in their homes or in their plots, "he said.
The Minister of Health also announced the first day of school, organizing a day of awareness about modes of transmission and means of protection of children against Ebola hemorrhagic fever.
Felix Kabange Numbi also invited the coordination of schools to organize awareness days in the same direction with the national association of parents, then with the prefects and teachers.
Before leaving Isiro, the Minister of Health officially handed over drugs and other protective equipment and sampling for health zones of Isiro, Dungu, Pawa, Viadana, Wamba and Gombari.
Since August 17, the World Health Organization (WHO) has identified fifteen patients Ebola in DRC, ten died

"Strangers" like HIV / AIDS appeared in Vietnam

Monday, 27/08/2012 - 15:17

  In Vietnam appeared patients suffering from "immune" diseases such as AIDS, but not by the HIV virus. "Strangers" like HIV / AIDS appeared in Vietnam Susceptible to disease for the strange disease have antibodies against interferon-gamma in the body. (Ảnh CNN) (Photo by CNN)
 Community health professionals Vietnam coil before the formal conclusion of researchers at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) for the identification of new disease in Asia, Southeast Asia, causing failure symptoms immunodeficiency diseases such as AIDS, but not HIV-related.
 Sensational discovery world
  Dr. Hau Arc, expert medical health program developed HCM City, said he has received the written conclusions of the NIH research program on rare diseases. The study by Dr. Sarah Browne, of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) of the NIH head done.  Accordingly, in the body of the patient suffering from this disease have antibodies that attack their immune system. ...


Date: Fri 24 Aug 2012

Source: The Vancouver Sun, via The Canadian Press [edited]

More swine flu spotted in the U.S. -- 3 cases involved person-to-person spread -------------------------------------------------------------------

Public health officials in the United States are reporting more human cases of swine flu, including three infections where the virus likely passed from person to person. Officials from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta say an additional 52 cases have been spotted, bringing the count since July to 276 human infections.

Those cases have been recorded in 10 states; so far no infections with this virus have been seen outside the United States. The vast majority of the cases have been in young children who had contact with pigs; many of the infections seem to have taken place at state and county fairs. But the CDC says it now knows of three recent cases where a person was likely infected by another person, not a pig. Still, the agency's experts say there is no need at this time to call for a closure of the swine exhibits at fairs.

 Earlier this week Michael Osterholm, a flu expert from the University of Minnesota's Center for Infectious Diseases Research and Policy, said the pig barns should be closed to minimize the risk of future spread of the virus. The virus is a swine H3N2, a distant cousin of the human H3N2 viruses. The human virus entered the pig population in the late 1990s and has circulated among swine ever since.

This particular H3N2 is identified as H3N2v, with the "v" being short for variant. Nancy Cox, who heads the CDC's Influenza Division, said Friday that the agency and its partners are weighing a lot of factors as they monitor the situation. For now, they feel the risk doesn't warrant closing the barns. "When you're looking at shutting down all of this activity where there may not be a problem, you know you are trying to balance many, many things," Cox said in an interview. "If we saw that there were really high numbers of cases or we saw that there was an increase in severity or an increase in transmission ... there could be a lot of different kinds of signals that would change what we recommended."
To date most of the illnesses triggered by the virus have been mild. There have been 13 people hospitalized with H3N2v infections, but no deaths. One of the signals officials are watching for is spread of the virus among people. But they aren't looking for just one generation of spread -- a sick child infects a family member, but the chain of transmission ends there. They are looking for sustained spread. "The presence of human-to-human spread is interesting. The presence of community transmission, several generations for instance of community spread is critical," said Dr. Joe Bresee, chief of influenza epidemiology and prevention at the CDC.

 Bresee wouldn't say in which states the cases of human spread were spotted. It's up to individual states to release that information, he said. But he did say these three cases don't come as a surprise. "We expected that. And we've been looking hard for it and to find it, because we know that this virus at least has that potential to spread in a very limited way between people." In fact, this virus has been seen before. Late last year a child in West Virginia was infected with the virus in what was believed to have been person-to-person spread. The CDC has been urging people with health problems that put them at high risk of becoming severely ill if they contract influenza to avoid pig barns at fairs. And they are recommending that people who do visit the barns not eat or drink while in the facilities, and wash their hands after their visit. Meanwhile, agricultural authorities are testing pigs as they arrive at fairs in a bid to weed out sick pigs so they don't infect other animals.
 But a study published last week -- a study on which Cox was an author-- showed that pigs that don't have symptoms can still be infected with flu viruses.

[Byline: Helen Branswell] -- Communicated by: ProMED-mail Rapporteur Mary Marshall [There have now been 276 cases of A(H3N2)v virus infection in 10 states; none outside the United States. Limited person-to-person transmission has occurred, but specific information is not provided to the extent that even the states where transmission occurred are named. -


Date: Fri 24 Aug 2012
Source: The Himalayan, Himalayan News Service [edited]

Four die of mystery disease in Kalikot
An unknown disease in Kalikot has claimed the lives of four girl students of Kalikot's chhalaha-based Kalika Lower Secondary School and as many as 90 students have been taken ill.  According to head teacher Man Bahadur Budha, the students had been complaining of fever, common cold, headache and swelling on the body for the past one month.

The identities of the four deceased students are yet to be ascertained. Twenty more people from the village are said to be taken ill due to the unknown disease. The disease has infected people from 6-month-old to 20 years of age. Locals accused the government for being indifferent towards the outbreak. 

"The lack of citadel [probably an analgesic and anti-pyretic equivalent of acetaminophen/paracetamol. - Mod.CP] at Khinneta Health Post had added to the patients' woes," local Bhati Bam said. Chief District Officer, Jagat Bahadur Basnet, said health workers would be deployed to the incident site on Sat 25 Aug 2012.

Communicated by:

[From the information available it is not certain that the illness responsible for the 4 deaths among 90 school-children is a consequence of an infectious disease. Reports of undiagnosed disease in Nepal have been frequent in the past and 'Requests For Information' have been unproductive.  Kalikot District is a one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal. This district covers an area of 1,741 km² and has a  population (2001) of 105,580. A map showing the location of Kalikot District within Nepal can be accessed at:, and the interactive HealthMap of Nepal is available at: 

Part (5) of ProMED-mail 'Measlese update 2012 (33) 20120825.126334' describes the almost simultaneous occurrence of the deaths of four infants in the Doli District of Nepal. The fatalities of the children in these two Districts are unlikely to be related, since the deaths of the infants in Doli district were attributed to administration of defective measles virus vaccine. 

Cholera outbreak worsens in Sierra Leone

Oxfam, British-based charity organisation, said on Thursday that the disease had reached almost double emergency thresholds with over 12,000 reported cases.
It said the number of people affected is "likely to increase significantly in the next month".
Increasing overcrowding and early rains in cities such as capital city, Freetown, have pushed the number of reported cases spiraling from the previous record of 10,000 in 1994.
Aid groups say there has been a spike in reported cholera cases since mid-July and the onset of the rainy season.
Some 82 deaths have been reported in neighboring Guinea, while other cases have been seen in Mali and Niger.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine, contracted by eating or drinking contaminated food or liquids. It can cause acute diarrhea and vomiting and can kill within hours.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) have launched an emergency appeal for $1.14 m and have warned that the outbreak risks sparking a wider health crisis unless its causes are tackled more aggressively.
Amanda McClelland, Emergency Health Co-ordinator for the IFRC issued a statement saying: "The disease has the potential to cause a serious humanitarian crisis."
She explained that the level of aid coverage was still "very low", adding "it is an urgent to step up our efforts as the situation is deteriorating quickly ... We need more funds to deliver the most effective response".
"We are projecting more cases considering we have a month more of heavy rainfall," she added.
The money spent on tackling the roots of the outbreak so far has been spent on health promotion activities and on helping affected families prepare oral rehydration solutions and build suitable toilets.
Sidie Yahya Tunis, the spokesman for the Health Ministry citied the expansion of the poor suburbs of Freetown as a factor in the disease's spread.
"It's not just that we have more people in the slums, we have more slum areas in the Western Area (around Freetown) as well," Cholera outbreak worsens in Sierra Leone

FAZ assures over Uganda’s ebola threat


By Felix Malunga -
THE Football Association of Zambia (FAZ) has assured the nation that it will not risk the Chipolopolo travel to Uganda in October for the return leg of the final qualifying round for the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations (AFCON) before getting a ‘green light’ over the ebola virus scare.
FAZ vice-president, Boniface Mwamelo said the association was closely monitoring the situation in Uganda and that it would be too risky to send an advance party to Kampala without clearance from health authorities.

Ebola haemorrhagic fever in the Eastern Province (north-eastern DRC)

Democratic Republic of the Congo (the)
Visit of the Minister of Public Health and the WHO Representative in Isiro, home to the outbreak of Ebola haemorrhagic fever in the Eastern Province (north-eastern DRC)27 Aug 2012World Health OrganizationDownload PDF (220.04 KB)
The Minister of Health, Dr. Felix Kabange Numbi and the Representative of the World Health Organization (WHO) in the DRC, Dr. Léodégal Bazira arrived Thursday, August 23, 2012 at Isiro for a supervisory visit to the fight against the epidemic of fi Èvre Ebola just be officially declared on August 17. Isiro Chief town of the Haut-Uele District, is located more or less 570 km north-east of Kisangani, capital of Orientale Province. The latest figures available at the date of August 24, 2012 report 17 probable or confi rmed that 10 people died, a fatality rate of 59%. According to the results of laboratory tests performed in those where the infection is confi rmed, this epidemic was triggered by the Ebola Bundibugyo strain."The risk of epidemic spread to other towns and cities are real, and we call for the mobilization of all to break the chain of transmission now," said the Minister of Health, referring the areas of health Dungu, Pawa and Viadana who in turn recorded suspects. "This is why we set up an international committee of scientists and technical coordination that is chaired by Professor Jean-Jacques Muyembe Tamfum virologist Congolese renowned for better management and control of this epidemic quick "added Dr. Kabange Numbi. He praised the "outstanding work and health emergency partners of the DRC such as the World Health, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), the Center for Disease Control (CDCAtlanta) Fund United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Mission for Stabilization of Congo (MONUSCO). ""We urgently appeal to the international community to assist the DRC authorities afi n stop as soon as possible the spread of this highly contagious disease causing mortality up to 90% of cases," said to its part, the WHO Representative. "It must be quickly put in place interventions to strengthen epidemiological surveillance, support cases and contain the spread of the epidemic through measures of hygiene and sanitation and social mobilization," said the Dr. Bazira.Furthermore Isiro, the epicenter of the current outbreak, the Ministry of Public Health and the WHO Representative visited supervision Viadana Saturday, August 25, 2012, one of the areas where the health warning cases suspects was given to 75 km south-west of Haut-Uele District. They encouraged health professionals and educated people to do more to stem the epidemic and to report any cases with symptoms resembling those of FHVE.